Costa Rican National Flag was created on September 29th, 1848, together with the National Emblem. The story says that the conception and design of the current flag, since that year, went to Mrs. Pacífica Fernández Oreamuno, wife of the then Head of State, Mr. José María Castro Madriz, inspired by the flag of France.
The tricolor flag is through five strips placed horizontally, one red in the center between two whites each of which follows a blue one. The width of each strip is the sixth part of the flag, except the red one that is two sixths, it means that the slots are in a 1:1:2:1:1 ratio.
The colors represent:
* Blue, the country sky.
* White, the peace.
* Red, the blood of the martyrs for freedom.
Costa Rica has changed flags from 1786 to 1848. The first was the flag of Spain decreed by Carlos III (1786-1821); the second one was the flag of Mexico (1822-1823), decreed by the then General Agustín de Iturbide. In 1823, after separation of the Mexican Empire, Costa Rica took a third flag, which was white with a red six-pointed star in the center. In 1824, acceding to the United Provinces of Central America, Costa Rica adopted the federal flag as the fourth one, which was inspired by the flag of Argentina and had three horizontal stripes, blue bottom and the top one and white the middle one.
Here in Costa Rica we have 2 different flags. One that is just the tricolor flag, and the other one is different because at the heart of the red band, on white embroidery, has the National Emblem known as the “Pabellón Nacional”.